GoLang has gained significant adoption since released into the technology market by Google in 2007. According to the 2022 Stackoverflow survey, Golang become the 3rd most wanted and 8th most loved programming language in the software engineering industry.
This increase in adoption makes Golang a must-learn for software engineers who are geared towards building innovative and security-conscious applications.
Before we dive in, let’s elucidate what Golang is and why you should consider learning it. Golang is a general-purpose, open-source compiled programming language created by Google in 2007 that is used to build faster, more reliable, and more efficient software at scale.
In addition, It is open-source software that is supported by Google, it is easy to learn and you can get started with it almost immediately. It supports built-in concurrency and a robust standard library and has a growing community and ecosystem.
This article will explore the top 5 Golang frameworks to give you an insight into what is currently in demand and what you can start learning in 2022.
Top 5 Golang Frameworks
Below we will list out the top 5 best Golang frameworks to learn in 2022 based on popularity, the number of usages, and Github stars. Using the above criteria together, we have the following list of the top 5 Golang frameworks:
- Gin Framework
Let’s delve straight into exploring each of these Golang frameworks:
Gin framework is the fastest full-featured web framework for Go. It is a framework written in Go and a Martini-like inspired framework. In addition, Gin performs up to 40 times faster than Martini’s performance and it’s widely loved by developers and teams that need performance and productivity.
Some of the growth statistics of the Gin framework as of the time of writing according to Github include more than 61.9k Github Stars and about 79.6k GitHub Usage accumulating a total point of 141.6k which makes the Gin framework at the top of the chart for the top 5 Golang frameworks for 2022.
Features of Gin Framework
Below are some of the notable features of the framework.
The Gin framework was developed to perform up to 40 times faster than Martini’s performance by including Radix tree-based routing, a small memory footprint, and an absence of reflection resulting in Predictable API performance.
Middlewares are vital in any backend development languages and tools as it intercepts the request and performs certain operations before sending the request down to the server.
The Gin framework includes middleware support which developers can configure to handle an incoming HTTP request by a chain of middleware and the final action. For example, Logger, Authorization, GZIP and finally post a message in the DB.
Error handling in software development is such a vital concept that should be decided and treated in the early stage of development before the codebase grows to become a large and enterprise-level application.
The Gin framework provides a convenient way to handle errors occurred during an HTTP request. Eventually, middleware can write them to a log file, to a database, and send them through the network.
Gin can parse and validate the JSON of a request, checking, for example, the existence of required values.
The Gin framework allows developers to organize their routes better. Separate between Authorization required from non-required, different API versions. In addition, groups can be nested infinitely without degrading performance.
FastHTTP is not a framework but rather a fast HTTP package for Go. It offers high performance. Zero memory allocations in hot paths and up to 10x faster than the original net/http package from Golang.
FastHTTP is a fast HTTP implementation in Golang designed for some high-performance edge cases such as handling thousands of small to medium requests per second and needing a consistent low millisecond response.
Some of the growth statistics of the FastHTTP package as of the time of writing according to Github include more than 18.2k Github Stars and about 17.2k GitHub Usage accumulating a total point of 35.5k making the FastHTTP package 2nd on the top 5 Golang frameworks for 2022.
Features of FastHTTP package
Below are some of the most important features of the FastHTTP package.
- The FastHTTP package was optimized for speed as it can easily handle more than 100Kqps and more than 1M concurrent keep-alive connections on modern hardware.
- Most importantly, it was also optimized for low memory usage.
- FastHTTP API is designed with the ability to extend existing client and server implementations.
- It provides default security implementation with the following anti-DoS limits such as the number of concurrent connections, requests read timeout, etc.
- It supports RequestCtx.Hijack for easy ‘Connection: Upgrade’
The Echo framework is a minimalist, high-performance, and extensible Go web framework. It allows developers to build scalable APIs with support for optimized routers, middleware, data rendering, templates, etc.
Some of the growth statistics of the Echo framework as of the time of writing according to Github include more than 23.1k Github Stars and about 9.1k Github Usage accumulating a total point of 32.2k making the Echo framework 3rd on the top 5 Golang frameworks for 2022.
Features of Echo framework
Below are the major features of the Echo framework.
It contains a highly optimized HTTP router with zero dynamic memory allocation which smartly prioritizes routes.
The Echo framework supports many built-in middlewares to use, or define your own. Middleware can be set at the root, group, or route level.
Echo allows APIs to send a variety of HTTP responses, including JSON, XML, HTML, File, Attachment, Inline, Stream, or Blob.
It also supports data binding for HTTP request payloads, including JSON, XML, or form data.
Echo has a customized central HTTP error handling with an easily extendable API.
The Beego framework is an open-source framework to build and develop your applications in the Go way. It is a RESTful HTTP framework for the rapid development of Go applications including APIs, web apps, and backend services with integrated Go-specific features such as interfaces and struct embedding.
Some of the growth statistics of the Beego framework as of the time of writing according to Github include more than 28.7k Github Stars and about 120 Github Usage accumulating a total point of 29.1k making the Beego framework 4th on the top 5 Golang frameworks for 2022.
Features of the Beego framework
Below are some of the features that make the Beego framework unique:
Easy To Use
For core Go developers, the Beego framework is created with the core Go modules and the Go way which makes it very easy for Go developers to adapt and build scalable and enterprise-level applications.
With RESTful support, MVC model, and use bee tool to build your apps quickly with features including code hot compile, automated testing, and automated packing and deploying.
Beego framework supports intelligent routing and monitoring, it’s able to monitor your QPS, memory and CPU usage, and goroutine status. It provides you with full control of your online apps.
The framework has powerful built-in modules including session control, caching, logging, configuration parsing, performance supervising, context handling, ORM supporting, and request simulating. You get a powerful foundation for any type of application.
With native Go HTTP package to handle the requests and the efficient concurrence of a goroutine. Your Beego applications can handle massive traffic as Beego is doing in many productions.
Fiber is a Golang web framework built on top of Fasthttp. It’s designed to ease things up for fast development with zero memory allocation and performance in mind. The framework is an Express-inspired web framework written in Go.
Some of the growth statistics of the Fiber framework as of the time of writing according to Github include more than 21.7k Github Stars and about 2.4k Github Usage accumulating a total point of 24.0k making the Fiber framework 4th on the top 5 Golang frameworks for 2022.
Features of Fiber Framework
Below are some of the features that make the Fiber framework unique:
The Fiber framework has one of the best routing systems, coming from the Express framework, the routing system is easy and smooth to work with.
Serve Static Files
The Fiber framework uses the FastHTTP library which is known to be one of the fasted HTTP libraries for Golang. Your application will enjoy unmatched speed using the Fiber framework.
Flexible Middleware Support
Choose from a number of already existing middleware or create your own! Use them to verify and manipulate certain requests in your app before they reach your controller.
You can also research more on the following list of Golang frameworks and libraries which promises great use cases and usefulness.
Choosing a particular one for your project will solely depend on the type of project and the programming language, and team strength.
This gives a rough overview of these different frameworks and their trends over a year, it also gives you the knowledge of what to expect when choosing one of the best Golang frameworks to learn.
Let me know your thoughts in the comment section.