Top 5 Backend Frameworks (2021)

  • Top 5 Backend Frameworks (2021)

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    Top 5 backend frameworks 2021 is here again.

    As a backend developer, we know that frameworks are very important in our day to day software development.

    Choosing the right framework for your projects in 2021 is also an essential skill as your project may grow and increases demand.

    In as much as there are numerous frameworks used by different developers across the world.

    There are only a handful of these backend frameworks that remain powerful and have the ability to deploy a large and scalable application.

    In this article, I will look at the top 5 backend frameworks to give you an insight into what you can start learning in 2021.

    Top 5 backend frameworks 2021

    1. Laravel
    2. Django
    3. Spring Boot
    4. Ruby on Rails
    5. Express


    Laravel is a PHP MVC framework for web artisans. 

    laravel 1024x526 - Top 5 Backend Frameworks (2021)

    It’s a web application framework with beautiful and elegant syntax.

    it is also an open-source framework for building simple to complex web applications following the MVC architectural pattern.

    PHP powers over 79.1% percent of all websites across the internet.

    Laravel is one of the most popular frameworks of PHP, this makes Laravel to stand out as a framework to learn in 2021.

    Laravel provides easy of development, enjoyable and good software development practices.

    It also takes away pains in software development by providing a different abstraction to popular development tasks such as:

    Routing Engine:

    Laravel provides a simple and straightforward routing engine to ease the development process of a developer.

    Dependency Injection:

    Laravel provides a powerful dependency injection container that allows developers to plug in any Service, Class, and module.

    Multiple Session and Cache Engines:

    Laravel provides easy to navigate session and cache engines with different popular cache and session engines supported out of the box.

    Eloquent Database ORM:

    This is one of the most powerful features of Laravel, Eloquent takes away the pain of manually handling database away and provides an easy to use ORM.

    Check out the complete guide on Laravel relationships to give you a clear picture of how Laravel handles database operations easily.

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    Database Schema Migration:

    With Laravel’s Schema, you don’t need to write a single SQL to create a database schema/table because Laravel handles all that out of the box.

    We will drop a get started with Laravel article soon that covers everything you need to know to get started with Laravel.

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    Django is a high-level python web framework that is built with Speed, Security, and Scalability at its core. 

    django 1024x585 - Top 5 Backend Frameworks (2021)

    It also encourages RAD (Rapid Application Development ) using clean, pragmatic software design.

    Built by more experienced developers to facilitate the application development process by taking away plenty of web development hassles.

    When building larger projects with Django it allows you to harness the full power of the framework.

    Django has many sweet features that make it stand out from other frameworks such as:

    Ridiculously Fast:

    Django framework is built with speed in mind, developers can build complex and large applications in no time.


    Security is primary in Django as it helps developers to avoid some securities pitfalls.


    Scalability is primary in the framework making it easy for web applications to scale efficiently.

    We have created a complete getting started with Django article just for you, it covers step by step all you need to get started with Django.

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    Spring Boot

    Spring Boot is an open-source Java-based framework for creating standalone, production-ready Spring-based applications.

    SpringBoot 1024x522 - Top 5 Backend Frameworks (2021)

    The Spring framework is a Java-based framework and inversion of control container for the Java platform.

    According to W3techs, Java is the 4th most used server-side language in all websites making Spring Boot a top choice for Java-based companies.
    If you are a Java developer learning the Spring framework is a must for your career.

    The Java Spring Boot has many great features that allow developers to write clean, and elegant Java codes such as:

    • You can create stand-alone Spring applications that can be deployed on a different server and scaled independently.
    • Embedded Tomcat server, jetty, and others out of the box, no need to write any complex WAR files for configuration.
    • Spring boot provides a starter template to get you started quickly with dependencies to simplify your build configurations.
    • It also provides automatic configurations for Spring and third-party libraries.
    ALSO READ  Laravel one to one relationship with example

    We have created a complete getting started with Spring Boot article just for you, it covers step by step all you need to get started with Spring Boot.

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    Ruby on Rails

    ROR (Ruby on Rails) is a new member of our top 5 backend frameworks family.

    Recently there has been a major rise in the Ruby community.

    It is currently the 3rd most used server-side language on all websites according to W3Techs.

    rubyonrails 1024x722 - Top 5 Backend Frameworks (2021)

    Ruby on Rails is an open-source web application framework that is based on the Ruby programming language.

    Developers using Ruby on Rails are encouraged to used MVC patterns and the DRY software principle.

    If you have worked with Django and Ruby on Rails before, you will notice similarities in principles but different programming languages.

    There are many features that make Ruby on Rails stands out from other frameworks such as:

    1. It offers clean syntax and easy to understand the codebase.
    2. ROR provides clean ORM using Active Record
    3. It has a massive and large community of developers for assistance.
    4. You can easily build and deploy small projects and scale them to larger ones easily.

    We have created a complete getting started with Ruby on Rails article just for you, it covers step by step all you need to get started with ROR.

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    According to the StackOverflow 2020 Survey, JavaScript is the most popular language with about 67.7% of respondents that including the Frontend and Backend parts of JavaScript.

    express 1024x685 - Top 5 Backend Frameworks (2021)

    But according to W3Techs, Server-side (Backend) JavaScript currently powers only about 1.1% of all websites.

    The JavaScript community is gaining this popularity on the Server Side with Node.js.

    Expressjs a go-to framework when using Node.js for Backend development.

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    Express is a fast, unopinionated, and minimalist JavaScript framework for Node.js.

    It’s a flexible Nodejs web framework for building a robust set of features in Web and Mobile applications with Node.js.

    Expressjs has great features that can speed up your development process with Node.js such as:

    1. Good routing systems used by other frameworks.
    2. The setup process only requires installing the library through an NPM command.
    3. Expressjs has a large number of predefined plugins and libraries you can install to achieve almost anything.
    4. Express also has a very large community and users therefore, you won’t be stuck for so long in a bug.

    We have created a complete getting started with Express article just for you, it covers step by step all you need to get started with Express.

    Subscribe here to stay in the loop.


    For reading this long, I have a reward for you.

    Below is a list of 5 backend frameworks also worth checking out in 2021

    1. ASP .NET Core
    2. CakePHP
    3. Flask
    4. Phoenix
    5. Nest.js

    You can a glance at the frameworks with this infographic from Galaxyweblinks.

    Top 8 Backend Frameworks for 2021 410x1024 - Top 5 Backend Frameworks (2021)

    Final Thoughts

    Choosing a particular one for your project will solely depend on the type of project and the programming language, team strength. 

    It is most likely that you’re familiar with JavaScript already as a beginner so I will encourage you to delve into Expressjs immediately, in my opinion.

    Also, if you’re coming from a PHP or OOP background and you’re looking at learning a framework, start with Laravel immediately.

    Learning Laravel or Express may be easy to get a job and start making money while you learn others as needed.

    After learning the above frameworks, you can decide to choose anyone from the list and further as it is required.

    Let me know in the comment section, which backend framework you will learn first in 2021 and which was your first backend framework, and why.


    In this article, we covered the top 5 backend frameworks 2021 and the different features that make them stand out.

    Happy coding!

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